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Everything You Need to Know About Drowsiness

Everything You Need to Know About Drowsiness

Everything You Need to Know About Drowsiness


What are the causes of drowsiness?

A variety of things may cause drowsiness. These can range from mental states and lifestyle choices to serious medical conditions.

Lifestyle factors
Certain lifestyle factors may cause increased drowsiness, like working very long hours or switching to an evening shift. In most cases, your drowsiness will subside as your body adapts to your new schedule.

Mental state
Drowsiness also can be a results of your mental, emotional, or mental state .

Depression can greatly increase drowsiness, as can high levels of stress or anxiety. Boredom is another known explanation for drowsiness. If you’re experiencing any of those mental conditions, you’re also likely to feel fatigued and apathetic.

Medical conditions
Some medical conditions can cause drowsiness. one among the foremost common of those is diabetes. Other conditions which will cause drowsiness include people who cause chronic pain or affect your metabolism or psychological state , like hypothyroidism or hyponatremia. Hyponatremia is when the extent of sodium in your blood is just too low.

Other medical conditions known to cause drowsiness include mononucleosis (mono) and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).

Medications
Many medications, particularly antihistamines, tranquilizers, and sleeping pills, list drowsiness as a possible side effect. These medications have a label that warns against driving or operating heavy machinery while using these drugs.

Talk to your doctor if you experience prolonged drowsiness thanks to your medications. they'll prescribe an alternate or adjust your current dosage.

Sleeping disorder
Excessive drowsiness without a known cause are often a symbol of a sleeping disorder. There’s a variety of sleeping disorders, and every has its own unique effects.

In obstructive apnea , a blockage in your upper airways results in snoring and pauses in your breathing throughout the night. This causes you to awaken frequently with a choking sound.

Other sleep disorders include narcolepsy, restless leg syndrome (RLS), and delayed sleep phase disorder (DSPS).

How is drowsiness treated?

Treatment of drowsiness depends on its cause.

Self-treatment
Some drowsiness are often treated reception , especially if it’s the results of lifestyle factors, like working longer hours, or a psychological state , like stress.

In these cases, it's going to help to urge many rest and distract yourself. It’s also important to research what’s causing the matter — like if it’s stress or anxiety — and take steps to scale back the sensation .

Medical care
During your appointment, your doctor will attempt to identify the explanation for your drowsiness by discussing the symptom with you. they'll ask you about how well you sleep and whether you awaken frequently within the night.

Be prepared to answer questions about:

  • your sleeping habits
  • the amount of sleep you get
  • if you snore
  • how often you nod off during the day
  • how often you are feeling drowsy during the day
Your doctor may ask you to stay a diary of your sleeping habits for a couple of days, documenting how long you sleep in the dark and what you’re doing once you feel drowsy during the day.

They may also invite specific details, like if you really nod off during the day and whether you awaken feeling refreshed.

If the doctor suspects that the cause is psychological, they'll refer you to a counselor or therapist to assist you discover an answer .

Drowsiness that’s a side effect of medication is usually curable. Your doctor may swap the medication for a special type or change your dosage until the drowsiness subsides. Never change your dosage or stop a prescription medication without first lecture your doctor.

If no cause for your drowsiness is clear , you'll got to undergo some tests. Most are usually noninvasive and painless. Your doctor could request any of the following:

  • complete blood count (CBC)
  • urine tests
  • electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • CT scan of the top 
If your doctor suspects that you simply may have obstructive apnea , RLS, or another disorder , they'll schedule a sleep study test. For this test, you’ll spend the night within the hospital or a sleep center under the observation and care of a sleep specialist.

Your vital sign , pulse , cardiac rhythm , breathing, oxygenation, brain waves, and certain body movements are going to be monitored throughout the night for any signs of a disorder .

When to seek emergency care

You should seek medical attention if you start to feel drowsy after you:

  • start a new medication
  • take an overdose of medication
  • sustain a head injury
  • become exposed to the cold

How can drowsiness be prevented?

A regular amount of sleep each night can often prevent drowsiness. Most adults require about eight hours of sleep to feel fully refreshed. Some people may have more, especially those with medical conditions or a very active lifestyle.

Talk to your doctor as soon as possible if you experience any changes in your mood, signs of depression, or uncontrollable feelings of stress and anxiety.

What’s the outlook for untreated drowsiness?

You may find that drowsiness goes away naturally as your body becomes wont to a replacement schedule or as you subsided stressed, depressed, or anxious.

However, if the drowsiness is thanks to a medical problem or disorder , it’s unlikely to urge better on its own. In fact, the drowsiness is probably going to worsen without proper treatment.

Some people manage to measure with drowsiness. However, it's going to limit your ability to figure , drive, and operate machinery safely.

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